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On the 100th Anniversary of I.M. Kirko

Igor Mikhailovich Kirko

(16.04.1918 -- 21.11.2007)

Igor Mikhailovich Kirko was born in Russia in the village of Bezhitsa, Bryansk region. He graduated from high school in Moscow in 1935 and became a student at the Department of Physics of the Moscow State University, which he graduated in 1941. In Moscow, he worked as an engineer at the Central Research Institute of Heavy Engineering (1940--1942) and at the Research Institute of the People's Commissariat for Mortar Weapons (1942--1944). When working at the Research Institute of Mortar Weapons, he invented a device for detecting electrification, which saved many Soviet soldiers during WWII from electric shock when forcing rivers and overcoming various obstacles. He studied as a post-graduate student at the Moscow State University (1944--1945).

In 1945, I.M. Kirko got married and moved to Riga. In 1946--1948, he worked there as a senior teacher of physics at the Riga River School and as a head of the Department of Physics at the Latvian State Pedagogical Institute. In 1948, a 30-year-old candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, I. Kirko was invited to head the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR (LAS), where he worked until 1967. In 1967--1972 he was a professor of the Department of General Physics of the Latvian State University. At the same time, in 1966--1972, he was a professor at the Department of Physics of the Riga Military Engineering High School. He was awarded the Degree of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences in 1959, became a corresponding member of the LAS also in 1959, an academician in 1966 and a foreign member of the Latvian Academy of Sciences in 1992.

More than 19 years I.M. Kirko headed the Institute of Physics of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. ``A good young team has gathered,'' -- recalled the scientist, -- ``growing rapidly in science''. And there Igor Mikhailovich himself became a doctor of science and an academician. It was with him that a unique nuclear reactor was built, the journal ``Magnitnaya Gidrodinamika” (presently, Magnetohydrodynamics) was founded in 1965 and still is published in Riga and whose editor was Igor Kirko until he gone.

According to the recollections of Jānis Leielpeters, former colleague of I. Kirko at the Institute of Physics, Doctor of Technical Sciences, academician, President of the LAS (1989--1994): ``We can surely say that the main merit of Igor Kirko in the field of magnetohydrodynamics is the creation of this direction at the Institute of Physics, the development and supervision of these studies, as a result of which the Institute of Physics has became known worldwide and got international recognition. I.Kirko was able to create conditions for such a strong scientific team of specialists in the field of magnetohydrodynamics, who could continue these studies without him. This has been provided by the organizational talent of Igor Kirko, by his energy and human qualities”.

The Special Design Bureau of Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD SDB, Riga, Latvia) was pioneered by I.M. Kirko. MHD SDB has become a world-famous company, the center of applied MHD in Latvia, which develops and manufactures MHD pumps for liquid metals and different MHD devices.

In 1972, I.M. Kirko moved to Perm, Russia, where he was the head of the Laboratory of Physical Hydrodynamics (1972--1987) in the Department of Polymer Physics, which was reformed in 1979 into the Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics of the Ural Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In Perm he created a school of fundamental and applied magnetohydrodynamics. I.M.Kirko was a member of the UB Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1977--1986). Since 1987 to 1990 he worked as the head of the Department of Magnetic Dynamics at the Ural Branch of the Institute of Mechanical Engineering named after A.A. Blagonravov. In 1990, he founded and headed the first in Perm scientific cooperation -- the Institute of Physical Problems of Technology ``Magnet''. Since 1973 up to 2007 I.M. Kirko was a professor at the Department of General Physics of the Perm State University.

I.M. Kirko belongs to an outstanding constellation of ``atomic physicists'', he is recognized in the world scientific community as a leader in magnetohydrodynamics. His works are concerned with magnetism, electrodynamics, electrohydrodynamics, with the theory of ozonizers, with magnetohydrodynamics, in particular, with the magnetohydrodynamics of extreme parameters and liquid metals in weak and strong magnetic fields, with the development of energy storage devices.

Igor Kirko is the founder of the scientific schools in Riga and in Perm, his students work in many laboratories over the world. He is the author of more than 300 scientific papers and more than 60 inventions.

He died on November 26, 2007, in Perm, Russia.

Editorial Board

Since 2007 Magnetohydrodynamics is indexed and abstracted inScience Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) and Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition 2007, published by Thomson Scientific.

Dear Authors,

We offer a possibility to place online additional materials to the articles published in the Magnetohydrodynamics (for example, figures in colour, videos, etc.), which are difficult or expensive for the journal print version.

Dear Readers,

Be aware of additional materials not included into the journal print version. For example: Tables of Contents, 2008 Volume 44 Number 3, K.Erglis et al., Appendix

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
Electronic edition ISSN 1574-0579
Printed edition ISSN 0024-998X