Main Page
About the Journal
Subscription information

Current Issue
Tables of Contents
Author Index


Mathematical modelling of the solidification of liquid tin with electromagnetic stirring

K. Pericleous1 - M. Cross1 - M. Hughes2 - D. Cook3

1 Centre of Numerical Modeling and Process Analysis the University of Greenwich, London SE18, UK
2 Currently wicth CHAM Limited, Wimbledon, UK
3 Currently with Reynolds Metals, Richmond VA, USA

It is well known that during alloy solidification, convection currents close to the so-lidification front have an influence on the structure of dendrites, the local solute concentration, the pattern of solid segregation, and eventually the microstructure of the casting and hence its mechanical properties. Controlled stirring of the melt in continuous casting or in ingot solidification is thought to have a beneficial effect. Free convection currents occur naturally due to temperature differences in the melt and for any given configuration, their strength is a function of the degree of superheat present. A more controlled forced convection current can be induced using electro-magnetic stirring. The authors have applied their Control-Volume based MHD method [1, 2] to the problem of tin solidification in an annular crucible with a water-cooled inner wall and a resistance heated outer one, for both free and forced convection situations and for various degrees of superheat. This problem was studied experimentally by Vives and Perry [3] who obtained temperature measurements, front positions and maps of electro-magnetic body force for a range of superheat values. The results of the mathematical model are compared critically against the experimental ones, in order to validate the model and also to demonstrate the usefulness of the coupled solution technique followed, as a predictive tool and a design aid. Figs 6, refs 19.

Magnitnaya Gidrodinamika 32, No. 4, 472-478, 1996 [PDF, 0.43 Mb] (in Russian)
Magnetohydrodynamics 32, No. 4, 443-450, 1996 [PDF, 0.44 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
Electronic edition ISSN 1574-0579
Printed edition ISSN 0024-998X