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On magnetohydrodynamic drag reduction and its efficiency

V. Shatrov - G. Gerbeth

Forschungszentrum Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden, Germany

Permanent magnets and high electric current densities are often used to achieve reasonable Lorentz forces for a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow control. This choice, however, usually leads to a low energetic efficiency for the flow control of seawater. We present the results of direct numerical simulations of the turbulent channel flow drag reduction using electromagnatic forces. The Lorentz force is created by a permanent magnetic field and an electric current from electrodes placed at the bottom wall. We consider two cases of a spanwise oscillating force and a streamwise steady force. The main result is that a significant efficiency improvement is possible if load factors κ ∼ 1 are used. The application of the streamwise Lorentz force leads to a much more effective drag reduction if we consider the drag as a full force applied to the body. The skin-friction drag increases, but the full drag may be strongly reduced with a good efficiency. Figs 4, Refs 14.

Magnetohydrodynamics 42, No. 2/3, 181-186, 2006 [PDF, 0.13 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
Electronic edition ISSN 1574-0579
Printed edition ISSN 0024-998X