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Thermoelectric MHD in dendritic solidification

A. Kao1 - G. Djambazov1 - K. Pericleous1 - V. Voller2

1 University of Greenwich, Old Royal Naval College, Park Row, Greenwich, London, SE10 9LS, UK
2 University of Minnesota, Department of Civil Engineering, 500 Pillsbury Drive S.E., Minneapolis, MN, 55455-0116, USA

Abstract
The effects of a constant uniform magnetic field on dendritic solidification were investigated using an enthalpy based numerical model. The interaction between thermoelectric currents on a growing crystal and the magnetic field generates a Lorentz force that creates flow. The need for very high resolution at the liquid-solid boundary where the thermoelectric source originates plus the need to accommodate multiple grains for a realistic simulation, make this a very demanding computational problem. For practical simulations, a quasi 3-dimensional approximation is proposed which nevertheless retains essential elements of transport in the third dimension. A magnetic field normal to the plane of growth leads to general flow circulation around an equiaxed dendrite, with secondary recirculations between the arms. The heat/solute advection by the flow is shown to cause a change in the morphology of the dendrite; secondary growth is promoted preferentially on one side of the dendrite arm and the tip velocity of the primary arm is increased. The degree of approximation introduced is quantified by extending the model into 3-dimensions, where the full Navier-Stokes equation is solved, and compared against the 2-dimensional solution. Figs 12, Refs 13.

Magnetohydrodynamics 45, No. 3, 305-316, 2009 [PDF, 0.55 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
ISSN (printed edition): 0024-998X