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In-situ analysis of the ion concentration distribution and the electrolyte convection evolving during electrodeposition in magnetic gradient fields

K. Tschulik1 , C. Cierpka2 , X. Yang3 , M. Uhlemann1 , K. Eckert3 , R. Sueptitz1 , C. J. Kähler2 , L. Schultz1 , A. Gebert1

1 IFW Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, D-01171 Dresden, Germany
2 Institute for Fluid Dynamics and Aerodynamics, Universität der Bundeswehr München Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39, 85577 Neubiberg, Germany
3 Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Dresden University of Technology, 01062 Dresden, Germany

In-situ velocity measurements were performed during potentiostatic Cu electrodeposition in different magnetic gradient fields (∇\vcB). Astigmatism Particle Tracking Velocimetry was used to enable three-dimensional measurements of al three velocity components in a large part of the cell volume. A complex three-dimensional fluid flow was observed. Thus, the magnetic field gradient force (FB) driven electrode-normal convection during deposition in high ∇B was experimentally proven and the interplay of FB and the Lorentz force could be analysed for different ∇B-setups. Moreover, in-situ measurements of the ion concentration during deposition and dissolution of Cu in a magnetic gradient field were performed by Mach-Zehnder interferometry. Figs 6, Refs 15.

Magnetohydrodynamics 48, No. 2, 279-288, 2012 [PDF, 1.06 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
Electronic edition ISSN 1574-0579
Printed edition ISSN 0024-998X