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Effect of superimposed DC magnetic field on an AC induction semi-levitated molten copper droplet

A. Bojareviċs1 - T. Beinerts1 - I. Grants2 - I. Kaldre1 - A. Šivars1 - G. Gerbeth2 - Yu. Gelfgat1

1 Institute of Physics University of Latvia, 32 Miera str., LV-2169, Salaspils, Latvia
2 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany

While a piece of copper on a ceramic substrate was inductively melted by a 9 to 18 kHz AC magnetic field with an axial magnetic DC field superimposed, the liquid metal stably semi-levitated in the expected ``conical'' free surface shape. The diameter of the liquid metal at the base was 30 mm, the volume more than 20 cm3. Replacing the ceramic substrate with a non-wetted glassy carbon crucible causes instability of the semi-levitated copper droplet. In the absence of the DC field severe chaotic instabilities of the liquid metal shape occurred, causing splashes and uncontrolled contact with the crucible walls. When an axial DC magnetic field with induction 0.35 T was superimposed, the liquid metal droplet exhibited a harmonic azimuthal wave deformation of the free surface. Higher frequencies lead to smaller characteristic wavelength. The transverse DC magnetic field direction suppressed the travelling wave deformations of the droplet shape. The stabilizing effect of the DC magnetic field during induction melting has been shown for axial and transverse directions of the DC magnetic field. These results experimentally demonstrate the possibilities to improve the stability of levitated metal volumes by a superimposed DC magnetic field. Figs 3, Refs 13.

Magnetohydrodynamics 51, No. 3, 437-444, 2015 [PDF, 2.02 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
Electronic edition ISSN 1574-0579
Printed edition ISSN 0024-998X