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Nonmodel analysis of helical and azimuthal magnetorotational instabilities

G. Mamatsashvili1, 2, 3 - F. Stefani1

1 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden--Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, D-01314 Dresden, Germany
2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi 0179, Georgia
3 Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, Tbilisi 0162, Georgia

Helical and azimuthal magnetorotational instabilities operate in rotating magnetized flows with relatively steep negative or extremely steep positive shear. The corresponding lower and upper Liu limits of the shear, which determine the threshold of modal growth of these instabilities, are continuously connected when some axial electrical current is allowed to pass through the rotating fluid. We investigate the nonmodal dynamics of these instabilities arising from the non-normality of shear flow in the local approximation, generalizing the results of the modal approach. It is demonstrated that moderate transient/nonmodal amplification of both types of magnetorotational instability occurs within the Liu limits, where the system is stable according to modal analysis. We show that for the helical magnetorotational instability this magnetohydrodynamic behavior is closely connected with the nonmodal growth of the underlying purely hydrodynamic problem. Figs 4, Refs 28.

Magnetohydrodynamics 53, No. 1, 107-118, 2017 [PDF, 0.47 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
ISSN (electronic edition): 1574-0579; ISSN (printed edition): 0024-998X