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Conductivity influence on interfacial waves in liquid metal batteries and related two-layer systems

T. Weier1 - I. Grants2 - G. M. Horstmann1 - S. Landgraf1 - M. Nimtz1 - P. Personnettaz1 - F. Stefani1 - N. Weber1

1 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden--Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstr. 400, 01328 Dresden, Germany
2 Institute of Physics, University of Latvia, Salaspils-1, LV-2169, Latvia

Fluid flows in liquid metal batteries can be generated by a number of effects. We start with a short overview of different driving mechanisms and then address issues specific to the metal pad role instabilities in three-layer systems. We focus on the role of the conductivity distribution in the cell, noting at the same time that interfacial tension should be considered for smaller cells as well. Following this discussion, numerical results on the excitation of interfacial waves in two-layer liquid metal systems with miscibility gaps bearing an interface normal electric current are presented. Confirming recent results from the literature, we find that magnetic damping plays a decisive role for strong vertical magnetic fields. In addition, boundary conditions for the electric field strongly influence critical currents and growth rates. Tables 2, Figs 5, Refs 16.

Magnetohydrodynamics 56, No. 2/3, 237-246, 2020 [PDF, 0.37 Mb]

Copyright: Institute of Physics, University of Latvia
Electronic edition ISSN 1574-0579
Printed edition ISSN 0024-998X